(Introduce or review the rain shadow effect that often occurs on the leeward side of mountain ranges or other topographic barriers.) The mountains block the passage of rain-producing weather systems and cast a "shadow" of dryness behind them. the rain shadow effect of mountains, global wind and ocean current patterns, cloud cover, and surface albedo. Being near the ocean can also affect the climate of an area. Different landforms, such as mountain ranges and large bodies of water can affect the climate. Study 51 Landforms Exam 2 flashcards from on StudyBlue. In general, we expect cities near water to have a more moderate temperature (a smaller range between day and night and between Semi-arid regions receive 10 to 20 inches (25 to 50 centimeters) of rain per year. The east side of the mountain is called a “rain shadow”, and the air will descend and warm up, but will not have any moisture to … Although the rocks and tectonic features underlying arid regions may not differ from other areas, the landscape is distinctive. The ranges have peaks commonly reaching 9,000 feet (2,750 metres) or more above sea level, and where this occurs they catch a moderate amount of precipitation and support conifer stands. For example, a mountain range can block rainfall from reaching an area (rain shadow), making it a dry, desert region. The diurnal range may be as much as 20 to 30 °C (36 to 54 °F) and the rock surface experiences even greater temperature differentials. Wiki User Answered . A third place where eolian landscapes are found is the rain shadow deserts of the world. Rain shadows can be some of the driest places on Earth; the Atacama desert in the rain shadow of the Andes Mountains can go decades without receiving any rainfall. This lesson primarily addresses the first three. 1 2 3. A rain shadow is a dry area on the side of a mountain opposite to the wind. Where have rain shadows formed deserts? By the time the air moves over the top of the mountain range, it is largely devoid of moisture, save for a few clouds that don’t produce much precipitation. Asked by Wiki User. Mountains and other topographic features can have tremendous influence on precipitation. A rain shadow is a dry region of land on the side of a mountain range that is protected from the prevailing winds.Prevailing winds are the winds that occur most of the time in a particular location on the Earth.The protected side of a mountain range … Top Answer. Arid regions by definition receive little precipitation—less than 10 inches (25 centimeters) of rain per year. A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area (away from the wind). Study 51 Landforms Exam 2 flashcards from on StudyBlue. 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