The American Temperance Society was founded in 1826 by Lyman Beecher and Dr. Justin Edwards and grew to over 8000 local chapters and more than a million members “taking the pledge” (to not drink alcohol) within ten years. Converting to Christianity was one thing, but advocating abolition was something else entirely. Revival of the Great Awakening of the early 18th century. Second Great Awakening. A great review for AP US History students or anyone interested in United States History. The Second Great Awakening describes the period starting in the 1790s and lasting through the 1830s. Well, the Second Great Awakening helps answer that question. The College Board® does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this web site. The First Great Awakening happened in the 1730s and 1740s. As African Americans gained greater control over their religious needs, society saw the continued emergence of black churches including the introduction of African Methodist Episcopal (AME) churches in 1816 by the Reverend Richard Allen and other ministers. Charles Finney is, perhaps, the most well-known minister of the Second Great Awakening. Mar 25 2020. B. Religious passion intensified. second great awakening apush definition by on September 20, 2020 During this revival, meetings were held in small towns and large cities throughout the country, and the unique frontier institution known as the camp meeting began. Emphasis on personal piety over schooling and theology. What you need to know about the Second Great Awakening.   YouTube. The movement started around 1800, had begun to gain momentum by 1820, and was in decline by 1870. The 2ndGreat Awakening along with the emergence of women as social reform activists set the stage for the development and growth of the progressive movement. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. They extended this idea into churches, and ministers now had to appeal to everyone else as their success depended on how much they appealed. You might be wondering, “There’s a Second Great Awakening?! One way of understanding the Second Great Awakening is in the context of sweeping social changes of the era. As the majority of converts throughout the 2ndGreat Awakening, women used their new found influence on society to either begin or further reform movements including temperance, abolition, and education. When compared with the Puritanical and Calvinist denominations that came before them, Methodists and Baptists believe that humans could exercise some amount of free will and choose to be “saved.”. Thanks! The ACT Inc.® does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this web site. Middle and upper class American's felt as if they should … Second Great Awakening Antebellum religions Evangelical A religious movement during the 19th century which expressed that every person could be saved through revivals. Second Great Awakening sparked moral and social reforms. The 2nd Great Awakening was a religious revival that took place after the American Revolution between 1790 and 1840 in an effort to restore a simpler form of Christianity. Abolition, temperance, access to education, marriage equality, voting rights, and prison reform all became issues of social improvement brought on by a belief in equality before god and individual control over salvation through good works as was laid out in the 2ndGreat Awakening. It provides a balanced treatment of both topics. How an educator uses Prezi Video to approach adult learning theory; Nov. 11, 2020. Church membership soared. It greatly increased the number of Christians both in New England and on the frontier. The movement continued into the later part of the 19thcentury and ultimately resulted with the passage of the 18thAmendment in 1920. Each Individual was to be responsible for his/her own soul. Test your skills on the causes and effects of the Second Great Awakening If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. ️ Study Guide: American Culture in the Early 19th Century The Second Great Awakening encouraged the idea that an individual could control their destiny and good deeds would make the nation a better place. The Second Great Awakening in the United States was known as a religious revival of the 1820s and 1830s. View Notes - APUSH Chapter 11 Notes.pdf from AMH 2010-12732 at Valencia Community College. Methodists and Baptists were a product of the new, more Evangelical trend of the Second Great Awakening. The Second Great Awakening was also important in Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, where established churches were few and far between. One of the most powerful examples of the religious influence on women and the abolitionist cause was Harriet Beacher Stowe’s book Uncle Tom’s Cabin. 1849 lithograph of tent revival during the Second Great Awakening. While slaves used religion to connect with the God and saw him as a possible savior and ender of slavery as described in the Bible regarding the enslavement and liberation of the Jews. Second Great Awakening: Analysis What made the Second Great Awakening so different from the first Great Awakening was its emphasis on social reform. Free African Americans in the North embraced the 2ndGreat Awakening and the concepts of equality in the eyes of god as a justification for their desired social mobility. D. The Second Great Awakening greatly weakened women’s social position throughout the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions. 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