In order to keep the money coming in, Capone mercilessly defended his territory and inched up on the turf of his rivals. The St. Valentine's Day Massacre remains the most notorious gangster killing of the Prohibition era. The massacre killed more than 10,000 people over a period of two months in the fall of 1572. The St. Valentines Day Massacre actually proved to be the last confrontation for both Capone and Moran. The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre was the 1929 murder of seven members and associates of Chicago's North Side Gang that occurred on Saint Valentine's Day.The men were gathered at a Lincoln Park garage on the morning of that feast day.They were lined up against a wall and shot by four unknown assailants who were dressed like police officers. The gunmen then left the garage. Reenactment of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre, which occurred when reputed members of the Al Capone gang disguised themselves as policemen and murdered members of the George "Bugs" Moran gang in a garage, located at 2122 North Clark Street in the Lake View community, being held by Cook County Coroner Dr. Herman N. Bundesen and investigators, Chicago, Illinois, 1929. McGurn instructed a local booze hijacker to contact Moran on February 13. On November 24, 1931 he was sentenced to 11 years in jail, fined $50,000 and charged  $215,000 (plus interest) due on back taxes. The country was shocked at the brutality of the killings. When the stolen police car reached the garage, the four gunmen (Fred "Killer" Burke, John Scalise, Albert Anselmi, and Joseph Lolordo) jumped out. The 19th Century residence across Clark from the site of the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. J. Edgar Hoover, director of the Prohibition Bureau, understood the publicity value of taking out Al "Scarface" Capone. It was a very gruesome and bloody scene. In 1921, his old friend Johnny Torrio convinced Al Capone to come to Chicago where he was making an impressive business on commerce of illegal alcohol. On February 14th, Capone’s henchmen, disguised as police, had lined up and killed seven members of the opposing Moran gang. On Valentine’s Day morning men dressed a… Jason Robards, Jean Hale, George Segal, Ralph Meeker. They were lined up against a wall and shot by four unknown assailants who were dressed like police officers. On February 15, 1936, nearly seven years to the day of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre, McGurn was gunned down at a bowling alley. But nobody really doubted … St. Valentine's Day Massacre Fact 5: The garage on Clark Street was used as a distribution point for north side liquor and often frequented by "Bugs" Moran. The St. Valentine's Day Massacre was the murder of 7 members of the George "Bugs" Moran mob, who were machine-gunned against a garage wall by rivals posing as police. When the gunmen rushed into the garage, the seven men inside saw the uniforms and thought it was a routine police raid. Facts about the St. Valentine's Day Massacre for kidsThe following fact sheet continues with the history and facts about St. Valentine's Day Massacre. When was the St. Valentine's Day Massacre? months[2] = " Check out the interesting and diverse websites produced and created by the international publisher in the Siteseen network. The police were never able to identify the perpetrators and no one ever confessed. Mock Trial - St. Valentine's Day Massacre Don't miss the mock trial of the century as Al Capone finally stands trial for the St. Valentine's Day Massacre of members of the rival North Side gang. The massacre, orchestrated by Al Capone, shocked the nation by its brutality. months[1] = " Learning made easy with the various learning techniques and proven teaching methods used by the Siteseen network. Capone and Moran vied for power, prestige, and money; plus, both tried for years to kill each other. Check out the Siteseen network of educational websites. There were plenty of suspects but no concrete evidence surfaced in the case and the perpetrators of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre were never convicted. "; Capone gangsters holed up here and waited for Moran. St Valentine's Day Massacre. This article will give a quick synopsis to help bring the pieces to the Massacre puzzle together. THE Valentine’s Day massacre happened 90 years ago and it was a bloody gang shooting in Chicago, Illinois. The guns used were the Colt M1921A & the other one was the Colt M1921AC as manufactured by Colt Firearms in 1921. Director: Scott Paddor The massacre not only made Al Capone a national celebrity, but it also brought Capone, the unwanted attention of the federal government. At the time of the massacre, there was a warehouse in this location. The following Calvin Coolidge video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 30th American President whose presidency spanned from August 2, 1923 to March 4, 1929. The killing was fast and bloody. The hit men piled into the 'police car' and drove away. In particular the period from 1924 to 1928 saw a number of killings. George "Bugs" Moran. Upon his death, Gusenberg became the final victim of a highly orchestrated crime, Chicago’s most infamous mob hit, which would come to be known as the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre. History and Facts about St. Valentine's Day Massacre: ProhibitionFor visitors interested in the history of Prohibition and American gangsters of the period refer to the following articles: St. Valentine's Day Massacre - President Coolidge Video The article on the St. Valentine's Day Massacre provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. Their names were Peter Gusenberg, Frank Gusenberg, Albert Weinshank, Adam Heyer, John May, Reinhardt Schwimmer and James Clark. FPG/Getty Images Five of the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre victims. "; Their names were Peter Gusenberg, Frank Gusenberg, Albert Weinshank, Adam Heyer, John May, Reinhardt Schwimmer and James Clark. The shooting, which left seven dead and a city in shock, is believed to have been the result of an ongoing battle for power between two major gangs - The South Side Italian gang led by Al Capone and the North Side Irish gang led by George "Bugs" Moran. var months = new Array(12); It was the show between the Royal Rumble and WrestleMania 15 with a stipulation for the Steel Cage Match main event. Continuing to believe the gunmen to be police officers, all seven men peacefully did as they were told. St. Valentine's Day Massacre Fact 19: "Machine Gun" Jack McGurn was found murdered on February 15, 1936 seven years and one day after the massacre. He stayed in Chicago until the end of Prohibition and then was arrested in 1946 for some small-time bank robberies. Happy St. Valentines day Al – you are sorely missed – you KNEW how to get the job done – without remorse. The North and South of Chicago were at war with each other, struggling for territory and power. The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre was the 1929 murder of seven members and associates of Chicago's North Side Gang that occurred on Saint Valentine's Day. St. Valentine's Day Massacre Fact 11: The two fake police officers, carrying 'tommy guns',  ordered the men to line up against the wall. Where was the St. Valentine's Day Massacre? The men were gathered at a Lincoln Park garage on the morning of that feast day. The neighbors assumed that the police had staged a raid and were arresting two men. St. Valentine's Day Massacre History and Facts for kidsThe following fact sheet contains the history with interesting facts and information on St. Valentine's Day Massacre, History and Facts about the St. Valentine's Day Massacre. Capone was jailed in 1931 and Moran lost so many important men that he could no longer control his territory. The man that the lookouts had identified as Moran was Albert Weinshank. The Thompson submachine gun was invented by John T. Thompson in 1919. "; The squad became known as "The Untouchables" and within 6 months their investigations ultimately led to the conviction of Al "Scarface" Capone and other Chicago gangsters involved in organized crime. We what happened and how Al Capone was involved. The mass killing took place in Chicago, America's favorite crime scene, and the … Photo by Alex Bean. The plan, probably devised by Capone's henchman "Machine Gun" Jack McGurn, was simple and deviously clever, but … St. Valentine's Day MassacreCalvin Coolidge was the 30th American President who served in office from August 2, 1923 to March 4, 1929. This was one of the first major crimes that the science of ballistics was used; however, no one was ever tried or convicted for the murders of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre. months[3] = " Locate all of the popular, fast and interesting websites uniquely created and produced by the Siteseen network. On the morning of February 14, 1929, the lookouts (Harry and Phil Keywell) were watching carefully as the Moran gang assembled at the garage. Here, she explores the history of Valentine’s Day months[7] = " This website is produced by the Siteseen network that specializes in producing free informative websites on a diverse range of topics. The murdered men included Morans best killers, Frank and Pete Gusenberg. Bugs Moran was quite shaken from the entire incident. Known as the Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre, February 14, 1929, marked the climax of a bloody gang war in Chicago, and although it’s a very well-known episode in American history, the case was never solved. This was the murder of associates and members of the North Side Gang. ● Interesting Facts about St. Valentine's Day Massacre for kids● History of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre  for kids● St. Valentine's Day Massacre in US history● The St. Valentine's Day Massacre● Fast, fun facts about the St. Valentine's Day Massacre● The Prohibition era and the rise of gangsters● The St. Valentine's Day Massacre history for schools, homework, kids and children. A commercial garage on the north side of Chicago was the setting for the most horrific shooting in Mob history, the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre. The St. Valentine's Day Massacre, the centerpiece crime of the lawless decade, climaxed ten years of wholesale murder. "Bugs" Moran immediately accused Al Capone and the Chicago Mafia of the murders. Also essential to the plan, McGurn acquired a stolen police car and two police uniforms. With the plan organized and the killers hired, it was time to set the trap. MASSACRE! Six of the victims died in the garage; Frank Gusenberg was taken to a hospital but died three hours later, refusing to name who was responsible. St. Valentine's Day Massacre Fact 4: Al Capone wanted to extend his territory to cover the whole of Chicago and double the $60 million per year he was raking in from his activities. Some estimates of Al Capone’s income at the time were in the tens of millions per year: an unheard of intake of cash. The massacre that took seven lives that St. Valentine's Day in 1929 made newspaper headlines across the country. All seven were shot dead. George "Bugs" Moran was the boss of the North Side Chicago Gang. On the chilly winter morning of February 14, 1929, four men entered SMC Cartage Company garage in Chicago. The St. Valentine's Day Massacre led to the establishment of the Wickersham Commission on May 20, 1929 (1929-1931) that reported that Prohibition was not working and resulted in the repeal of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution and the end of bootlegging in America. The only WWE pay-per-view named St. Valentine’s Day Massacre took place on…you guessed it…Valentine’s Day 1999. Reportedly Frank was still alive when real officers appeared on the scene. The incident resulted from the struggle to control organized … By the late 1920s, Chicago was split between two rival gangs: one led by Al Capone and the other by George "Bugs" Moran. St. Valentine's Day Massacre Fact 15: After the attack, the uniformed 'police officers' marched their plain-clothed accomplices out the front door of the garage with their hands raised, just in case anyone was watching. Most people associate February 14 with love and romance. The story appeared on front pages around the country, making Al Capone a nationwide celebrity. The Prohibition Era then provided mobsters with the illegal, and highly lucrative crime of 'bootlegging' and the vast profits to be made from 'speakeasies'. On Feb. 14, 1929, Frank Gusenberg was rushed to the hospital. The lead up to February 14th 1929 very possibly started 5 years before then with the assignation of Chicago’s North Side mob leader Dion O’Banion by the South side outfit led by Johnny Torrio and Al Capone. St. Valentine's Day Massacre Fact 18: The blonde alibi: "Machine Gun" Jack McGurn, a key member of the Chicago Outfit, was questioned, but never arrested. Cartage Company at 2122 North Clark Street. Outfit enforcer Frank Nitti is said to have been one of the two gunmen that filled Aiello’s body with 59 bullets. But, says Professor Lisa Bitel, few realise that the holiday began as a Christian feast day commemorating an ancient martyr named Valentinus. This started a war between the two outfits ending in Johnny Torrio just escaping an attempt on his life outside his home. J. Edgar Hoover  and the newly-elected President Herbert Hoover were determined to end the career of Al Capone. St. Valentine's Day Massacre Fact 23: Neither Al Capone, nor any other gangsters, were convicted of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre. He located the Moran gang's headquarters, which was in a large garage behind the offices of S.M.C. Read St. Valentine's Day Massacre. Roger Corman's entertaining re-enactment of the events leading up to the Chicago underworld's mass murder. Of all the violence that the city saw under Capone's reign, however, nothing shocked the public as much as the Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre in 1929. Ultimately, Capone was arrested for tax evasion in 1931 and sent to Alcatraz. The year was 1349 and the Bubonic Plague, known as the Black Death, was sweeping across Europe, wiping out whole communities. St. Valentine's Day Massacre Fact 8: Inside the garage were a group of "Bugs" Moran men. A detailed history of the war between Chicago's North Side and South Side organized-crime gangs during the Prohibition era, leading up to the infamous "Saint Valentine's Day Massacre". This massacre occurred in 1929 around 10:30 am on Valentine’s Day. In addition to making Capone a national celebrity, the St. Valentine's Day Massacre brought Capone to the attention of the federal government. Officially, the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre is an unsolved crime. months[0] = " Discover the vast range of useful, leisure and educational websites published by the Siteseen network. It was not a scene for the faint of heart. The men opened fire with two Thompson submachine guns and a shotgun. However, George "Bugs" Moran was not in the garage when the slaughter occured. The Thompson had a variety of nicknames such as the "Tommy Gun," the "Trench Broom," the "Chicago Piano" and the "Chicago Typewriter. Clip: Season 7 Episode 3 | 17m 53s Watch Full Length. In his home, the police found a bulletproof vest, two machine guns, several pistols, tons of ammunition, and about 320,000 dollars belonging to a recently robbed bank in Wisconsin. Who were the victims of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre? Being on Capone's bad side wasn't somewhere you wanted to be, and the St. Valentine's Day Massacre is generally believed to be the most prime example of this. St. Valentine's Day Massacre were members of the “Bugs” Moran mob, known mobster rivals and enemies of Al Capone's Chicago Mob. Here's how it all shook out. On the morning of February 14, 1929 four unknown assailants, two dressed as Chicago policemen, … The lookouts told the gunmen, who then climbed into the stolen police car. months[4] = " Explore the interesting, and fascinating selection of unique websites created and produced by the Siteseen network. He selected gunmen from outside the Chicago area, to ensure that if there were any survivors, they would not be able to recognize the killers as part of Capone's gang. Though Al Capone was the prime suspect, to this day no one has taken credit for the St. Valentine's Day Massacre. The massacre had been carefully planned and executed by notorious mobster Al Capone, to eliminate a rival gang boss, George “Bugs” Moran. In 1929, Prohibition was in full swing – and so was a long-running mob war that had pared the Mafia roster in Chicago down to two major gangs. The hijacker was to tell Moran that he had obtained a shipment of Old Log Cabin whiskey (i.e. Thinking it was a police raid, Moran stayed away from the building, unknowingly saving his life. A narrator tells us what we need to know for each scene, moving the action forward with an astonishing speed and clarity. The Thompson submachine gun was invented by John T. Thompson in 1919. The following fact sheet contains the history with interesting facts and information on St. Valentine's Day Massacre, James Clark (Moran's brother-in-law), Frank and Peter Gusenberg, The following fact sheet continues with the history and facts about St. Valentine's Day Massacre. Seven members of Bugs Moran’s gang were lined up against the wall and shot. The Saint valentines massacre took place in a city that was well known for gang wars and all forms of illegal trade in that particular period- Chicago. McGurn hired lookouts and set them up in an apartment near the garage. Moran quickly agreed and told the hijacker to meet him at the garage at 10:30 the following morning. You'd think a mass murder as straightforward and deadly as the St. Valentine's Day Massacre would've led to Al Capone's arrest, but the elusive crime boss had an iron-clad alibi. Frank Gusenberg, Pete Gusenberg, John May, Albert Weinshank, James Clark, Adam Heyer, and Dr. Reinhart Schwimmer. 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