The use of a vapor barrier (more accurately termed a vapor retarder), having a water vapor permeance of less than 0.3 perm is frequently used to retard the flow of moisture through the slab. Water vapor leaves the surface of a concrete slab at a rate that is called the Moisture Vapor Emission Rate (MVER). Concrete is porous and water vapor will eventually come through the slab. The concrete vapor barrier we use the most is Stego Wrap's 15 mil thick vapor barrier. The best way to accomplish that is with a vapor barrier under the slab. The usual solution would be 6-mil polyethylene with taped seams, but a number of posters think there are much better products on the market. Their 15 mil vapor barrier also controls radon gas, is resistant to hot/cold temperatures, resistant to soil chemicals & pollutants, and like I said allows virtually Zero water vapor transmission up through the slab. do NOT contact me with unsolicited services or offers; post id: … A 10-mil barrier is probably OK for residential construction if you're careful not to puncture it during construction. A. If laser screeds or heavy placing equipment will be on the barrier, go with 15 mils. During custom home construction, often new homeowners ask why the builder places black plastic under the concrete slab for their home. She’s planning to pour a new layer of concrete over the old and wonders what type of vapor barrier she should use. ACI 302.2R-06, Guide for Concrete Floors that Receive Moisture-Sensitive Flooring Materials, estimates that concrete with a w/c of 0.5 will dry to an MVER of 3 pounds/1000 sq. Installation … A concrete vapor barrier is simply a sheet of polyethylene plastic (Visqueen) placed directly on top of the sub-grade before the concrete floor or slab is poured to help keep moisture from the soil from passing up through the concrete. What’s the difference: Vapor barriers and vapor retarders? But when adding insulation to an existing slab, the vapor barrier is laid over the top of the slab before the foam insulating panels are installed. It is also possible that too much water or cement paste would be absorbed from the concrete by the sand, but probably not under most circumstances. These vapor retarders are typically polyethylene or polyolefin sheeting materials. All of the problems associated with moisture vapor movement in a concrete slab will go away in time as the slab dries, as long as there is no source of additional water into the slab. Buy the appropriate tape from the supplier, standard house wrap tape will not do. Become a member and get instant access to thousands of videos, how-tos, tool reviews, and design features. Find out where to buy vapor barriers and other problem solving products. ACI 302.1, Guide for Concrete Floor and Slab Construction, states that the minimum thickness of an effective vapor barrier is 10 mils. This is a Homebuilding website not a place to promote someone's website for buying knock off junk. Install dimpled polyethylene to create an air space between the concrete and the finished floor, sealing off dampness and giving moisture a chance to dissipate. Before one can make the best decision regarding whether or not to place a vapor barrier under a concrete floor slab-on-grade, it is important to understand the sources of moisture, how it moves through the slab, and how it adversely affects certain floor coverings, adhesives, and coatings. That’s the subject of this week’s Q&A Spotlight . A much better approach is a true vapor barrier, with characteristics that conform to the requirements of ASTM E-1745, "Standard Specification for Water Vapor Retarders Used in Contact with Soil or Granular Fill under Concrete Slabs." ACI 302.1, Guide for Concrete Floor and Slab Construction, states that the minimum thickness of an effective vapor barrier is 10 mils. It was soon determined, however, that unless the seal was absolute, moisture that did get into sealed walls could create serious structural problems and health issues, such as allergic reactions to mold festering within walls. Slab-Cote™ passes ASTM F 3010-13, moisture … ASTM E-1745 specifies minimum values for tensile strength and puncture resistance that increase from Class C to Class A. Most experts today don't think that's low enough, and a few materials have recently become available that have permeance values less than 0.03 perms—some as low as 0.01. $100 per roll Texting is best 33O- thirty nine 7- 3 four fifty 8 . But, are bullet proof vapor barriers really that important? PERMINATOR EVOH is available in 20 … I can confidently say that I expect to be a life-long subscriber." Alt… If I had a hunch you probably see more “wet” concrete during the wet months when compared to the dry months. Cure with waterproof sheets rather than with water or curing compounds. Hey, what's with the spam posts about buying t-shirts and shoes? Bostik Slab-Cote™ Extreme Moisture Vapor Barrier Coating is a single coat, two-component, 100% solids, epoxy formulated to dramatically reduce moisture vapor transmission and surface alkalinity from substrates. The usual solution would be 6-mil polyethylene with taped seams, but a number of … These low permeability materials completely eliminate any moisture migration from the ground, allowing the slab to dry out much more quickly and to stay dry. Huge rolls of vapor Cement barrier insulation. Sign up for eletters today and get the latest how-to from Fine Homebuilding, plus special offers. Vapor barriers also block gases, such as methane or radon. This thicker material is much less susceptible to tears or punctures and has a lower permeance. Although it may seem water-tight, this grade of material allows a lot of water vapor to pass through. Arlene DiMarino is aware that a plume of toxic underground water from an EPA Superfund site is not far from her home, and her concern is that volatile organic compounds will permeate the foundation and concrete slab in her basement. She’s planning to pour a new layer of concrete over the old and wonders what type of vapor barrier she should use. Once the water vapors gather underneath your flooring, it will start to pool up and “soak” into your hardwood flooring. All Americover Vapor Barriers are composed of virgin polyolefin resins and offered in 10 mil, 15 mil, and 20 mil. Where plastic sheets must be joined, overlap the sheets by several inches, and use strong vinyl tape to secure them. Keep w/c at or below 0.5. Reflectix 48 in. One of the reasons those old basement floors were like that was because they had no vapor barrier beneath them, leaving an easy path for water vapor from the soil to migrate into the slab, assuring that the cold clammy damp feeling never went away. PERMINATOR provides the vapor barrier industry with a highly effective, economical choice for helping to reduce the penetration of moisture and water vapor through the slab into the structure, thereby helping to reduce fungus, mildew, and mold growth. Bottom line: If you want to make sure your slab on ground gets dry and stays dry, use a vapor barrier. I say this because your concrete slab is like a sponge and it will soak up moisture when it is present. 1 mil is equal to 0.001 inch of thickness. Special plastic sheets are laid on the ground before concrete is poured, completely isolating the slab from the ground. Suggestions include Tu-Tuf, Slab Shield, and Stego Wrap, among others. - M.K. Moisture Barrier Under Concrete New buildings that are built on concrete slabs may already have a moisture barrier built in to the concrete slab. This type of barrier is especially prevalent in areas with wet, swampy ground. On new interior slabs, moisture can be easily controlled and mostly eliminated. 6-mil plastic often gets damaged during placement of reinforcement and concrete, creating holes that can let a considerable amount of water vapor into the slab. Here is information to help you understand how moisture moves in a slab and how using a vapor barrier can help control the problem. Make sure you have help, smallest role weighs 150 pounds+. That’s the subject of this week’s Q&A Spotlight. Is a vapor barrier necessary under a concrete slab with foam insulation and if so, where does go? 6 mil poly, which is 0.006 inches thick and has a rating of 0.06 perms, is also sufficient for most applications but may not be as commonly stocked as 10 mil or 15 mil. Anything less (or nothing at all) is a recipe for myriad problems down the road. ACI 302.1R-11 "Guide for Concrete Floor and Slab Construction," doesn't advocate universal use of vapor barriers but does make recommendations for their proper use. Many concrete sealers may prevent the intrusion of water but not water vapor. It comes in a roll 14 feet by 140 feet. I am installing a floating laminate floor on top of a concrete slab in my basement. Hope this is useful. 15mil stego wrap(yellow) is the way to go. Sure, that's an increase, but it's better than a damp, discolored slab. The 15 mil thickness of this vapor barrier won't easily tear, split, or puncture allowing us to go about our work without having to repair holes while we are pouring the concrete. Read the entire article at Fine Homebuilding’s Green Building Advisor. Read more about moisture coming up through concrete, including how to test for moisture vapor transmission. Copyright 1999-2020 ConcreteNetwork.com - None of this site may be reproduced without written permission, Minimize water vapor moving through a slab by choosing the right vapor barrier and installing it properly, By Bill Palmer, Concrete Network Columnist, Toughest product on the market with superior puncture resistance, Single-coat, 100% solids, liquid applied 2-part epoxy coating. A 10-mil vapor barrier may be sufficient for residential construction in terms of puncture resistance, although the 10-mil barriers can't completely isolate the slab from ground moisture. When you read in a sealer data sheet that the MVER needs to be 3 pounds or 5 pounds, what that means is the number of pounds of water vapor per 1000 square feet per 24 hours. When utilizing an effective vapor barrier to control moisture vapor transmission, it should be well placed directly under the slab, and more efficient than six-mil poly; which is easily punctured during concrete placement. PERMINATOR ® underslab vapor barrier is a new generation of polyolefin-based resin/chemical technology. The newer very low permeability barriers, such as those from W. R. MEADOWS, Fortifiber, Interwrap, Raven, Reef, Polyguard, Stego, Grace Construction Products, Strata Systems, and Layfield are 15 mils (15 thousandths of an inch) or greater. Recently, though, research has shown that the old traditional layer of 6-mil Visqueen (polyethylene plastic) under the slab is seldom effective for two main reasons: True vapor barriers allow little water vapor to penetrate. wide concrete slab insulation is easy to handle, install and transport Insulation is a coated foil with a white poly surface With taped seams, the product is a vapor or radon retarder Not affected by moisture or humidity Front-line technology produces an extensive line of water repellent products. One of the ways to outsmart this problem is to create a “vapor” barrier on the surface of the slab. PERMINATOR EVOH (Underslab Gas Vapor Barrier): Designed to provide superior resistance to gas and moisture transmission, PERMINATOR EVOH is a highly resilient underslab gas/vapor barrier designed to restrict naturally occurring gases, such as radon, methane, gasoline, solvents, oils, and hydrocarbons, from migrating through the ground and into the concrete slab. This guide says, in Section 2.4.1: "I have learned so much thanks to the searchable articles on the FHB website. Grady 22 Published: Aug. 17, 2019, 12:19 p.m. Last updated: Aug. 4, 2020, 2:40 p.m. Since concrete is porous, water vapors transmits from the ground through the concrete slab into your basement. Since the most common source is moisture in the ground beneath the slab, the solution is to completely take the ground out of the equation, by sealing the bottom of the slab. The most commonly used vapor barrier under concrete slabs is polyethylene (poly) plastic sheeting with a thickness of 10 mil or 15 mil. This was verfied by some field studies conducted by Concrete Construction magazine. Slabs that lack under-slab vapor barriers will nearly always have some water vapor emission from water below the slab, and newer slabs, even with vapor barriers, will need time to dry out. A properly selected and installed polyethylene vapor barrier between the slab and the soil effectively keeps ground moisture away from the concrete to mitigate these issues. Typical 8-mil polyethylene sheeting costs 5 to 7 cents per square foot. Avoiding moisture-related problems with concrete sealers: Reducing bond failures caused by moisture- vapor transmission, Don't let water vapor delaminate your overlay, W. R. MEADOWS White Paper - Tips on Choosing Vapor Barriers. Vapor retarders are materials that will minimize the transmission of water vapor from the sub-slab support system into a concrete slab. Vapor retarders have been used since the 1950s. © 2020 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Vapor retarders are typically specified according to ASTM E 1745 and have a permeance of less than 0.3 US perms (0.2 metric perms), when tested by ASTM E 96. Once the best vapor barrier has been chosen, a good quality concrete and good placement techniques are important. Get complete site access to expert advice, how-to videos, Code Check, and more, plus the print magazine. Jobsite Saw PRO has a wider table, a new dust-control port, and a more versatile fence, along with the same reliable safety mechanism included in all SawStop tablesaws. Anyone that has had to face a moisture problem with a concrete slab understands the damage that excess moisture can cause. Thin plastic like this is often called a vapor retarder—meaning it slows the vapor down but doesn't stop it. Best practice here in BC has us placing poly as per discussed to perimeter with penetrations caulked, in addition to a perimeter of Big-O or slotted rigid 4"pipe looped in pea gravel trench 12" deep under slab, to a tee up through the slab and tied to 4" ABS pipe up and through roof with possible inline low cfm draw fan, this creates a slight vacuum under slab and radon takes the easy way out. Does anyone one make a vapor barrier stong enough to keep out toxic spam? Starting with lower water-cement ratio concrete will let the slab dry faster. W. R. MEADOWS. This was verfied by some field studies conducted by Concrete Construction magazine. Checking out the 2016 National Hardware Show, SawStop's Portable Tablesaw is Bigger and Better Than Before, Podcast 307: Shed Foundations, Wasted Foam, and Deep-Energy Retrofits, Podcast 305: Asbestos Flooring, Panned Return Ducts, and Adding On to a Log Home, Plus, get an extra 20% off with code GIFT20, Simple Way to Make Old Walls Straight and Plumb, Expert insights on techniques and principles. Polyethylene (poly) plastic sheeting with a thickness of 10 mil or 15 mil is the most commonly used vapor barrier under slabs. The other characteristic of a good vapor barrier that makes it effective is resistance to punctures and tears. To take it one step further, ASTM E 1745 Class A vapor barriers (products with less than 0.01 perms) are the best approach to protecting your concrete slab and components, moisture sensitive floor and IAQ from moisture sources below. Since we were running hydronics, we laid down 4" of closed cell 3lb foam before pouring the slab. Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the U.S., according to the American Lung Association. And dampness is only part of the problem, water vapor moving through a concrete floor can: But it doesn't have to be that way. We compiled this list of our favorite tools and gear to help you find great things to get for the handy people in your life. Thinner plastic can't stand up to the abuse of construction. The 10-in. A 15-mil vapor barrier can be about 25 cents per square foot. Some suggest an active radon mitigation system be installed. The question is whether that point of view applies here. ... Best 6 mil Vapor Barrier Underlayment by Flooring Type All Flooring – MoistureBlock. Concrete under slab insulation vapor barrier - $100 (Berlin Center) < image 1 of 3 > QR Code Link to This Post. Moisture in concrete can occur from a variety of sources: ground moisture that contacts the slab through either capillary action or as water vapor, high air humidity or drastic changes in relative humidity in its environment, leaking plumbing that passes through the slab, and more. Thinner plastic can't stand up to the abuse of construction. Why A Plastic Vapor Barrier Under Concrete Slab Mondays WithInstall The Proper Type Of Vapor Barrier Siouxland HomesAre Vapor Ers Necessary For Bats And GaragesVapour Barrier Under […] The flooring is Pergo Outlast+ with built-in padding and barrier but since it is going on top of concrete it is recommended to put a > 6 mil vapor barrier underneath. Slab vapor barrier florprufe 120 resource gcp lied concrete floor problems building under slab vapor barriers done right under slab vapor barriers done right concrete vapor barriers ers. The last thing you want your customers to envision when thinking of a concrete floor is a damp, cold basement slab. The vapor barrier is a black, vinyl, slick surface - snapping chalk lines doesn't work well. Start your subscription today and save up to 52%. During the energy crisis of the 1970s, a prevailing belief took root where it was thought that tightly sealing walls and ceilings with a vapor barrier was essential to blocking heat transference and reducing energy costs. It’s that Fick’s Law thing. Sealers that stop all water tend to fail after a period of time because the water collects at the barrier/concrete surface. I know this works from an insulation/ water vapor barrier standpoint....but will it also work to keep out the nastiness discussed in this article? Ideas and new product releases each month! All vapor barriers should conform to ASTM E-1745; but consider going with a barrier that has water vapor permeance less than 0.3 perms. The concrete slab is the air barrier, and the ripped and torn and punctured polyethylene sheet is the vapor barrier. STEGO WRAP 15-mil VAPOR BARRIER: Stego Wrap claims they have a virtually zero permeance under concrete slab vapor barrier. You might also like: TBD. One poster points to comments by Joseph Lstiburek, a well known building scientist, who suggests that a few holes in a sub-slab vapor barrier make practically no difference in its effectiveness as a moisture barrier. This specification has three classes of vapor retarders (or barriers--the terms are still often used interchangeably), Class A, B, and C. For all three classes of vapor retarder, the permeance (a measure of how much vapor can pass through) must be less than 0.3 perms. Get home building tips, offers, and expert advice in your inbox. ft/24 hours in 82 days with a vapor barrier, compared to 144 days when exposed to vapor from below. This water destroys the bond and the barrier fails. When a slab is being insulated in new construction, the vapor barrier is usually laid down first, before the slab is poured. By the DIY experts of The Family Handyman Magazine. For residential work, a 10-mil vapor barrier is probably, Don't Let Water Vapor Delaminate Your Overlay, Reducing Bond Failures Caused by Moisture Vapor Transmission, Contact us and view our privacy policy, terms & conditions, and press room. Thicker (8-mil to 23-mil), multi-ply vapor barriers (often designed for specific uses, such as under concrete slab or between new wood flooring and a concrete subfloor) can cost 25 cents to $1.50 a square foot, or $375-$2,250 for 1,500 square feet. We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. 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