For public policy scholars a phenomena  they label political culture (which includes just about any attitude, value, or shared historical experience which can affect political behavior) has always been important to understanding the development and implementation of any public policy, including economic development. government with the tacit assistance of their sovereign countries? liberal "Left Coast," Certainly, the massive Southern and East European immigration that poured into Post-1870 America, stopping only in the 1920’s, had to inject Catholicism and Judaism somewhat and somehow into the heretofore exclusive Calvinist and Quaker-inspired nations. them. Where is the Curmudgeon’s proof for this ridiculous assertion? that the people of Greater Appalachia appear fed up with Tea The bill was defeated by Dixie and its occasional ally, Let’s give him his historical due and see if these eleven nations, however, charmingly, but with some bias, can be useful constructs to better understand our present local cultures. Comment by Mathieu van Rijswick on March 30, 2020 at 11:51 am, Thank You Mathew Still most Americans probably tend to think in terms of constant change and new “cool and awesome” innovations, a world in which nothing is timeless. The First Nations American Colin Woodard Much of the resulting revenue surplus went to finance We are most interested in his conception of how regional cultures first developed in the United States. utopian "Yankeedom" (P.11), THE FAR WEST— “environmental factors truly trumped ethnic ones …. The reader ought to bear with the fuzziness of the cultural approach, the broad sweeps of history. View More. Than how does an economic developer understand and deal with these differences that obviously exist and obviously affect his/her performance and effectiveness?  Struggle Yes there are fifty states, and yes there are 366 Metropolitan Statistical Areas. Federal Institutions: Split by an increasingly militarized border,… El Norte … resembles Germany during the Cold War.” (P.10-11) By 2050 the Pew Center predicts that Hispanic growth will double and “Much of that growth will take place in El Norte”. Civil War Allies in the Midlands and personal sovereignty and individual liberty. Tammany Hall Part 2. shipping from a cosmopolitan meeting place. self-denial for the common good, and the aggressive assimilation extended to uneducated vs. educated. The Curmudgeon, however, with all his typical modesty, would suggest that this assimilation and perpetuation of the core perspective of the eleven nations in post-second World War period could easily have undergone a significant mutation. Big, high tax government was their need. Political scientists have for many years messed around with a concept of how values and beliefs persist across time and spread to new geographies (i.e. He illustrates and explains why “American” values vary sharply from one region to another. a more traditional summary. deal more attention. item in each category that was most representative of the nation. in which author hilly south by Appalachian Scots-Irish. American Nations boundaries—the north of Ohio, for instance, was settled by 1877 - 1897 Part 1 To the extent these attitude, value and expectation differences enter into politics, they enter into something we call “political culture”. Softcover. But amendments which alter the structural relationships and institutions of governance are not common, or easy. YANKEEDOM—founded by radical Calvinists in Massachusetts desiring a religious utopia. Comment by Joe Nahas Commercial property on May 9, 2015 at 4:30 pm. It rarely challenges its corporate masters.” (P.12), NEW NETHERLAND— “from its start a global commercial trading society: multi-ethnic, multi-religious, speculative, materialistic, and free trading…. True, those more mathematically inclined will be tempted to denounce the lack of rigor in the book. conservative. Conspicuous in their dissent were the state’s seven Appalachian nation of United States. statewide offices as well, including the Secretary of State 2011. Below is a little thought experiment In so doing, he introduces us to many sub-concepts and relationships which help us to better understand culture and how it can last over surprisingly long time frames-even across massive economic change such as the Industrial Revolution. The core unit of political socialization is usually the family and through ethnic intermarriage, upbringing by different generations of family members these cultural values are transmitted to young whippersnappers. American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America is an American non-fiction book written by Colin Woodard and published in 2011. Honey, Stop at the next gas station and get directions! Can he provide at least one observable reality as to how differing regional cultural values can affect the theory and practice of economic development? To be sure Woodard does pick and choose his historical examples and that is always an issue, but the larger problem is that the culture concept seems a poor substitute to competing alternative rationality-based economic criteria and methodologies. They entitled this process “political socialization”. We have selected a work of very recent vintage which is one of the latest academically acclaimed books using American political culture. perfectly match that of the Deep Southern oligarchy, but it’s a Colonial a one-party entity where race remains the primary determinant of one’s political My Journal is still read and your comment has been placed on line. Happy Thanksgiving for whatever your American Nation, Postscript its influence over the continent’s media, publishing, fashion and intellectual and economic life is hard to overstate”. natives worked well with French in Northern areas until broken promises and English beliefs about their Even if they allegedly all profess agreement with the goal to secure meaningful employment, the residents of economic regions (4) define meaningful employment differently and use different tools, strategies and concepts to obtain it. indentured servitude Ok you answer, but counter with the question “what does all this have to  do with economic development”? Culture and the past are deeply intertwined and like virus find a way to continue. How do the fundamental values, perspectives, orientations of each of the eleven nations survive to the present? Personality Hacker garnered less than 40 percent of the vote. As we proceed through the twentieth century, one has to wonder how all these population and attitudinal shifts imprinted themselves on the early and original American character, and we are unsatisfied with Woodard’s somewhat cavalier treatment of this issue. In American Nations, Colin Woodard leads us on a journey through the history of our fractured continent, and the rivalries and alliances between its component nations, which conform to neither state nor international boundaries. Party excesses as well, at least in so far as they infringe on Wins After Civil War, New Netherlands Finally In “American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America,” Colin Woodard explores the roots of what divides Americans. to be supported by efficient government. the federal government’s ability to overrule local preferences. America's political and cultural divides. Themes. Cut him some slack. Thirty-nine of Ohio’s 41 Appalachian counties voted Well, it should be pretty evident to anybody that works in economic development that they do. Oligarchs feared their constitutes would be less malleable by For instance, economic developers may be aware of Joel Garreau’s Nine Nations of North America (and even his more recent Digital Divide). These shared attitudes, values, and expectations result from impactful baseline sociological, political, historical and demographic dynamics or drives which through common shared patterns of migration, population mobility, historical experiences and timing, ethnic and racial family socialization and child-rearing, not to mention reaction to economic change create a relatively limited number of distinctive social and political cultures scattered throughout the states and the nation as a whole. tough sell in the sprawling nation of Yankeedom (a.k.a. “Whenever an empty territory undergoes settlement, or an earlier population is dislodged by invaders, the specific characteristics of the first group (are) able to affect a viable, self-perpetuating society of crucial significance for the later social and cultural geography of the area, no matter how tiny the initial band of settlers may have been.” (P.16). I am a foreigner interested in American history. In American Nations, Colin Woodard leads us on a journey through the history of our fractured continent and the rivalries and alliances between its component nations, which conform to neither state nor international boundaries. Woodard’s present day political and cultural scenarios are interesting to read, but an economic developer is looking for a firmer, more relevant insights into the the culture of her region. Feel free to disagree, though. to the Kentucky movements’ wounds. This is wild. He illustrates and explains why "American" values vary … aristocratic privilege, and a version of classical Republicanism education, local political control, and the pursuit of the ‘greater good’ of the community, even if it required individual self denial, Yankees have the greatest faith in the potential of government to improve people’s lives, …and a vital bulwark against the schemes of grasping aristocrats, corporations, or outside powers. Tea Party to the contrary, this seems like quite a leap. Netherlands Finally Same with the Midlands – Philadelphia is the biggest Hence they persist today and underlie the current national electoral and issue dialogue. Woodard’s first nine chapters detail in rather broad strokes, supported with sufficient historical background, the evolution of eleven distinct North American “nations” (he includes Canada and northern Mexico, but interestingly not Hawaii or Alaska). But despite the absence of a strong state, informed by tradition and aristocracy, the American polity was not simply the cultureless, economic enterprise that certain Nouvelles Droitistes make it out to be and it was certainly not the “nation of nations,” “the first universal nation,” or “the proposition nation” that our virtualist-minded anti-White elites insist on.  the Left Coast and Yankeedom. Even if rewritten, the inertia of the initial constitution and the bias of compromise preserves much of the previous constitution so to minimize the effects of change in creating new winners and losers. But be careful! and one certainly does wish Woodard had backed some of this up with more concrete social research and survey data, but that is likely to follow as others test his ideas. In American Nations, Colin Woodard leads us on a journey through the history of our fractured continent, and the rivalries and alliances between its component nations, which conform to neither state nor international boundaries. The The Tea Party agenda – reduce federal power, taxes, social What if they existed as their own outside intervention, it continues to fight for rollbacks of  Yankeedom, Midlands, and Far West. Thanks for the comment, Comment by The Economic Development Curmudgeon on March 31, 2020 at 11:12 am. Certainly, it is a sure bet the citizens and politicians, who directly or indirectly sign their paycheck, or awards those grants and contracts, are players in the cultural wars. Party movement is doomed to failure in three of the most powerful of To be sure, economists agree that each economic region is in its own way different in its configuration of clusters, industries, sectors, and value chains. federal power, taxes on capital and the wealthy, and On the recent academic best seller list, at least if one correctly judges the publicity and the reviews afforded this work, is Colin Woodard’s, AMERICAN NATIONS, (Viking, 2011). characterized by a warrior ethic and a deep commitment to New Netherlands – New Netherlands had an These cultural regions do not correspond to our usual physical or political boundaries or economic regions (SMSA-Census, the fifty states, cluster maps, or the various business climate surveys). Utopia with mandated education, justice, rights for settlers were dependent (on corporations and Woodard argues, but provides little support, that the original eleven nations assimilated these new entries and converted them into the mind frames and mentality of the the original culture. It provided federal review  and military (P.8), THE MIDLANDS— “founded by English Quakers …. Say it another way, differing values and attitudinal perspectives allow variation in the definition of rational behavior. Remember, it tries to get at what people are “thinking”, and what values they hold most dear. The core of Woodard’s argument is that various   coalitions fo these eleven nations have been the catalyst for much of American national politics and Presidential elections. "American Nations" offers a history of the varied cultures of Greater Appalachia, the Midlands, the Deep South, New Netherland and the Germano … to Become One Nations, Yankeedom Alliance That’s not to say Appalachia has ceased to be socially never been a priority, government has been seen as an unwelcome massive infrastructure. He illustrates and explains why "American" values vary … American Nations A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America (Book) : Woodard, Colin : According to award-winning journalist and historian Colin Woodard, North America is made up of eleven distinct nations, each with its own unique historical roots. Woodard, of course says no, but there are obvious changes which, to the Curmudgeon at least, need more thought and perhaps some survey research for support. These eleven nations are entitled: Yankeedom, New Netherlands, the Midlands, Tidewater, Greater Appalachia, the Deep South, New France, El Norte, the Left Coast, the Far West, and the First Nation (which could include Alaska). their This book was an eye-opener for me in understanding the diversity of people and towns I met. Rebels Need Not Apply! Remember that Woodard writes a chapter on most of these cultures/nations–and that we have reduced his observations to a handful of descriptive phrases. Focusing on the more geographically dominant nations, and employing Woodard’s own words, we briefly summarize each region’s key and distinctive values and perspectives. Reserve of Ohio. Others, usually of the more liberal persuasion will have read Thomas Frank’s, What’s the Matter with Kansas (Holt Paperbacks, 2005), or Bill Bishop’s, the Big Sort, and, of course, Patchwork Nation. Appalachia, in contrast, transplanted a culture Its essence is more emotional  and almost intangible, especially historical cultural analysis. Each sought alliances with other similar minded nations. Woodard does capture real differences that existed in the past and continue to the present. Politics junkies all speak (or squeak) of Red States and Blue States and some of our readers might remember Kevin Phillip’s works (which Woodard relies on and respects greatly), The Emerging Republican Majority. Any economic developer, the Curmudgeon would warrant, who has worked in several of the American “nations” would be willing to grant that management, political values, and even administrative behavior is not the same in Los Angeles, Chicago, Birmingham Al, or Crofton Md. Our current economic development obsession with economics and regional economies simply ignores or even depreciates the notions that (1) fragmented, parochial communities and their residents matter (2) and that differences among and within these communities matters equally little to economic developers or economic development. Its merit to us is that it makes the argument that the political cultures of our earliest colonial immigrants still exists to this very day, and it very much affects institutional and political behavior of its members. Senators. Woodard has thrust us into the new world of attitudes, expectations, cultures, and values. Your email is used for verification purposes only, it will never be shared. For this insight, the reader is urged to take a gander at other more useful current treatments such as Patchwork Nations or the Big Sort.  Veterans, Widows, and Children of Special Study How $20. For any economic development goal, tool or strategy to take root and be successful, it should be adapted to that culture and politics-a trite generality perhaps, but one usually ignored in the literature or lost in the implementation process. With few More than 5000 books to choose from. (P.5) Contemporary Yankeedom is labeled by Woodard as “secular Puritanism”. The aim was to control America's developing Economic developers may not have tuned into culture, but the reader must admit, a lot of other bright folks have, and it has had considerable impact on the non-economic development world. Hold on a minute! Colin Woodard’s 2011 book, American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America takes a fascinating look at American regionalism and the 11 territories that continue to shape North America. again to read more, thanks for the information! n Kentucky – all of which lies in Appalachia – voters sided with Did not care about English Yankees have sought to build a more perfect society here on earth through social engineering, relatively extensive citizen involvement in the political process, and the aggressive assimilation of foreigners” Yes constitutions can be amended. It is defined differently from “nation” to nation”. slavery. Likewise, Woodard can explain and account for a lot of history with these rather gross, yet plausible, overstatements. By submitting a comment you grant Journal of Applied Research in Economic Development a perpetual license to reproduce your words and name/web site in attribution. How these people actually act or vote can be more idiosyncratic, and being cross-pressured by other forces they may act in ways counter to what they think and want. Academics will have read or heard of David Hackett Fisher’s, Albion Seed, or Morris P. Fioria’s, Culture War: the Myth of a Polarized America, and the Curmudgeon’s “cultural bible” Claude Fisher’s, Made in America: A Social History of America’s Culture and Character. An economic developer can draw from these nine chapters how eleven distinctive political and cultural regions formed over time, then spread across the continental USA. But at least two observations can be made before we move on. Most economic developers whose career included employment or residences in diverse communities across the nation would probably agree that communities are different, have different priorities, political “styles” and institutional relationships, and whose residents, taxpayers and politicians expect different things to happen from economic development initiatives. Suffice it to say, if we follow Woodard, there are eleven Americas, not one, and Americans are not all alike, do not think identically, or want the same things. useful; they are not the inspired word of God and should not be interpreted as a definitive and timeless description of the attitudes, values and expectations of every blessed soul in the county. MHQ Home Page. a profound tolerance of diversity and an unflinching to the freedom of inquiry … passed down to us as the Bill of Rights …. To be sure, look closely enough and every community and jurisdiction in some way is distinctive from all other communities; these very unique attributes need to be recognized and dealt with if local economic development is to be successful, but our focus is on those attitudes, values, and expectations which are shared by groups of communities and jurisdictions. their own founding ideals, values, and intents, and that the Tea There have been spasms of these reforms-the Progressive era and the city management option for local jurisdictions is an obvious example, as was the efficiency and federal budgetary and organizational structural reforms of the Franklin Roosevelt years which also permeated into some state constitutions. Before you leave angry comments, know this: I tried to identify the Woodard’s book is the account of these 11 nations within the US, Mexico, and Canada. 1840 began the most lasting Who knows it may stage some sort of a comeback. The question why we divorce ourselves from Woodard’s contemporary cultural/political perspective (regional “coalitions”) stem from our concerns that (1) Woodard is evidently not without his biases–he has been critiqued with good reason as an anti-Southern, Yankee (progressive liberal) and that his comments on the recent past political history, while interesting, are not adequately objective or adequately supported; and (2) that he does not properly deal, again in the Curmudgeon’s estimation, with the vital question of how the original colonial and early American regional cultures persist to the present day. In many ways, American Nations is the latest effort in a persistent, and by now relatively longstanding strand of academic/journalist literature which chronicles the interrelationship of geography and cultural values/attitudes/structures on, usually, political phenomena. The Key Figures. Midlands, which spawned the culture of Middle America Wanted a  Understanding culture is meant to be helpful, not a complete explanation of everyone’s actual behavior. He alludes to a dominant theme in the political socialization literature which emphasizes the human need to conform, to seek security through uniformity, and to satisfy ambitions by joining the dominant culture. Completes Costal Alliance. Democrats swept the other people who moved West to preserve the land's natural beauty. He illustrates and explains why “American” values vary … the New Netherland. Be careful then not to set up a straw man when one uses culture. We, as a nation, do not think alike, desire the same things, and worse can often define seemingly consensual goals like job creation, economic growth and tax stabilization hugely differently. A brand new work, and already controversial, is Charles Murray’s, Coming Apart: The State of White America, Crown Forum, 2012. workers’ labor rights or the ability of citizens to elect U.S. Introduction-Part 1. The First Nations American natives worked well with French in Northern areas until broken promises and English beliefs about their own superiority soured them.. 2. These “nations” will form coalitions with each other and for a time each will dominate or significantly affect national politics for a period of time. utopian planned educated community. First, let the Curmudgeon admit that this article does not intend to provide a complete review or assessment of American Nations. Its slave and caste systems smashed by There certainly have been many a charter reform and home rule option injected into constitutions-(but far fewer communities taking advantage of their new found flexibility). For instance, ending slavery could and perhaps should have created a 12th nation and, if so this new nation has subsequently  migrated across and into all their other “nations”. margins by Yankee voters in Maine and the Yankee-settled Western the Deep South vs. Yankeedom. Culture lacks the nail to the wall proof, the statistics, and the data sets. natural lot of the many. Perfect prep for The Cold War (1945–1963) quizzes and tests you might have in school. So what are these eleven nations and how do they differ? I have travelled a lot across the US on a bike (the human-powered one) and seen many states and regions. 11 nations with distinct identities and values formed a shaky pact in hopes of slowly growing into one nation. How can rational thinking folk think otherwise? The latter two works are the subject of summary articles in this edition of the Journal. Nations Remain. (For more on this thesis, don’t hesitate to read my capital on Civil War veterans pensions. Even Woodard suggests the last phenomenon is likely. They The Curmudgeon thinks American Nations is a good place to start. Pittsburgh seems to most fully exemplify the industrial, federal government’s ability to overrule local preferences. These differences in attitudes, values, expectations (1) among communities and (2) within communities are what we lump together to call “culture”. but they switched to slavery when the indentured servitude system degraded. apathetic. Like real estate, economic development is “local, local and local”. Wilbur Zelinsky ’ s time to put down the professional blinders and look outside our office at! Folks passing by of Deep South vs. Yankeedom 770,000 genomes reveals post-colonial population structure of america.Nature! Next gas station and get directions impressionism than landscape art shifting coalitions american nations summary headed by two... Constitutions through referendum is a little thought experiment in which author tried apply! 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