In the 4th Century B.C. Mercury is a transition metal, where one of the elements found between Group 2 (IIA) and 13 (IIIA) on the periodic table. Sources, facts, uses, scarcity (SRI), podcasts, alchemical symbols, videos and images. Atomic Number of Mercury. Atomic weight of Mercury is 200.592 u or g/mol. Say what? But while mercury is generally considered highly poisonous, doctors in the late 19th century gave patients significant amounts of the element to treat intestinal obstructions. It is mainly found in the form of ores the likes of corderoite, livingstonite, and cinnabar; the latter of them is more abundant. It is characterized as a heavy, silvery-white metallic liquid at room temperature that is odorless. The mercury element is the only metal that remains a liquid at standard room temperature. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure. In either case, the temperature range of interest is 0-41oC, so the density values have been calculated in steps of 0.1oC in this range. Atomic weight (average mass of the atom): 200.59 4. Though the equation is simple one should be able to manipulate this equation so that one can connect this piece of information with other facts and formulas that are given in the passage. It can be highly harmful to humans. The ancient Chinese, Egyptians and Hindus understood Mercury, and it was discovered in Egyptian tombs dating back to around 1500 B.C. Thin gold particles can form an amalgam of mercury and gold and, therefore, increase the recovery rates of gold. 1. Mercury does not react with most acids, such as dilute sulfuric acid, but it is dissolved to give sulphate, nitrate, and chloride by oxidising acids such as concentrated sulfuric acid and nitric acid or aqua regia. The symbol Hg known for mercury comes from its Greek name, hydrargyrum, which means “liquid silver” — representing its shiny colour. The same amount has existed on the planet since the earth was formed. Mercury - it's atomic symbol is Hg (Hydtagyrum) which in Greek means water silver. Mercury conducts electricity, and is used to make switches dependent on position and silence. The value for the density of mercury refers to an ambient pressure of 101325 Pa. Mercury is extracted as mercury (cinnabar ore) sulphide. Names of Official Residence of Heads of the States in The Apart from thermometry, mercury is used as a reference standard for determining the volume of small capacity measures and to maintain the primary standard barometer. Mercury is a very good electricity conductor, too. Epsom(England) is the place associated with, The default parameter passing mechanism is, Exposure to sunlight helps a person improve his health because, Cryptography, a word with Greek origins, means. Your email address will not be published. It is used in electrical switches. The density of mercury is 13.6 g.cm-3 at 20°C. Mercury is also smaller—albeit more massive—than the largest natural satellites in the Solar System, Ganymede and Titan. The mercury runs from one end to the other as it tips. Atomic symbol (on the Periodic Table of Elements): Hg 3. The density of mercury at 20 degree C to be 13545.848 kg/m3. It contracts or becomes smaller at low temperatures. organic mercury compounds. In the periodic table, mercury is located in period 6, between gold and thallium. Mercury can be used to produce thermometers, barometers, and other scientific tools. This question tests the knowledge of a basic equation. … 10.07. In order to tip back and forth, the capsule may be made. Its density is 13.59 grams per cubic centimeter. Phase at room temperature: Liquid 6. Density in Kg/m 3 13534 kg/m 3. Actinium. Because of its high-density mercury used in thermometers, barometers, manometers, sphygmomanometers, float valves, mercury switches, mercury relays, fluorescent lamps and other devices. It does not react with oxygen in the air. Density: 13.534 grams per cm cubed; Melting Point:-38.83°C, -37.89°F; Boiling Point: 356.7°C, 674.1°F; Discovered by: Known about since ancient times; Mercury is the third element in the twelfth column of the periodic table. If swallowed, like from a broken thermometer, it will mainly move through your body and absorb very little. While, some compounds are used for medicines like mercurous chloride – calomel – is used to cure for skin rashes. Mercury(II) fulminate is a very important compound in the production of explosives and firearms. The value for the density of mercury refers to an ambient pressure of 101325 Pa. A 20ml sample of mercury has a mass of 271g. It has two physical properties of special interest. A knowledge of the solubility of mercury is useful in addressing problems requiring knowledge of the metals concentration in the liquids and vapours of our surroundings. About Mercury; 1 cubic meter of Mercury weighs 13 534 kilograms [kg] 1 cubic foot of Mercury weighs 844.90002 pounds [lbs] Mercury weighs 13.534 gram per cubic centimeter or 13 534 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. Your email address will not be published. Element Classification: Metal. Mercury is a chemical element and the only common metal which is liquid at ordinary temperatures. Mercury is a highly toxic constituent. Mercury sphygmomanometers (blood pressure meter) and various other laboratory equipment also make use of mercury. Mercury is also called as quicksilver or hydrargyrum. Mercury is used in thermometers, barometers, manometers, sphygmomanometers, float valves, and other scientific apparatus, though concerns about the element's toxicity have led to mercury thermometers and sphygmomanometers being largely phased out in clinical environments in favour of alcohol-filled, digital, or thermistor-based instruments. While mercury is the only liquid metal at room temperature, the elements gallium, cesium, and rubidium melt under slightly warmer conditions. Almost half the total production of mercury in the world comes from Spain and Italy. This compound is commonly used in weapons as a primer of the cartridge. Mercury - Mercury - Principal compounds: The compounds of mercury are either of +1 or +2 oxidation state. Mercury is used in thermometers, mercury changes when the temperature changes. At 365.6 °C (690.1 °F), it can be transformed to a gas (“boiled”). 2.702. The density of mercury is 13.59 grams per cubic centimetre. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. Like cadmium, zinc and lead, mercury is a naturally occurring element known as a "heavy metal" and can be toxic to living organisms. Mercury is also a chemical element. Mercury, however, can cycle in the environment as part of both natural and human activities. C in this range. It is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum (/haɪˈdrɑːrdʒərəm/). We note Aristotle in writing referred to mercury as ‘hydro-argyros’ – which translates as liquid-silver or water-silver. It is classified as a transition metal. Boiling point: 674.11 F (356.73 C) 8. metallic mercury inorganic mercury compounds. Atomic Number of Mercury. Number of isotopes (atoms of the same element with a dif… Required fields are marked *, Based on the aforesaid mean value of the density at 20, C and using the Beattie formula giving the density of mercury have been generated. Atomic Number of Mercury is 80.. Chemical symbol for Mercury is Hg. Mercury reacts with dense flakes of sulphur used to absorb mercury in mercury spill kits (spill kits often use activated carbon and powdered zinc). It is commonly known as quicksilver and is heavy, silvery-white liquid metal. Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H.. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. Group Number: 12. Mercury has been used in manufacturing, as well as in dental and medical equipment, fertilizers, and pesticides. Note: Learn more about the density here. As a chemical element, mercury cannot be created or destroyed. ), Names of The Central Banks of Different Countries, Comparative Ranks in Army, Navy & Air-Force, Joint Defence Exercises of India With Other Countries, Important Ports or Sea Waterways in India, Towns/Cities and Associated Industries in India, Thermal and Nuclear Power Projects in India, Name of Highest Civilian Honour of Different Countries, Highest Gallantry Awards of Different Countries, Scientific Explanation of Common Phenomena. Very high surface tension. Complete and detailed technical data about the element Mercury in the Periodic Table. Facts about Mercury Element 2: Chemical Properties Like silver, mercury reacts with atmospheric hydrogen sulfide and solid sulfur flakes. Mercury can dissolve some metals resulting in amalgams, metal alloys of mercury. T… 2. Its common name is “quicksilver”. Period Number: 6. It has two physical properties of special interest. Mercury is used in thermometers, barometers, manometers and many other devices. One such gadget is a mercury switch, for example the kind that switches on and off the lights. Some mercury compounds are known to be poisonous such as mercuric chloride – corrosive sublimate – is used to kill pests. It is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum. Mercury reacts with atmospheric hydrogen sulphide, much like platinum. The Cinnabar releases mercury as a vapour when heated; later the vapour is cooled and captured as liquid mercury. Mercury is a very harmful or poisonous material to which people can be exposed in a variety of ways. Very good conductor of electricity. Its abundance in the earth’s crust is 85 parts per billion by weight, which makes it a rare metal. Carbon: Value given for graphite form. It is also in rat poisons and insecticides. However, there are interesting facts about Mercury that most don't know about. 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Mercury switches are simple and very quick to produce. At a temperature of-38.85 °C (– 37.93 °F), mercury can be frozen (changed into a solid). Mendelevium. Mercury element in the periodic table is symbolized as Hg. Due to the high molecular weight, low ionization energy, and high liquid density, it was used as a propellant for electric propulsion systems. World, Capital & Official Languages of Indian States, List of Countries with Capital & Currencies, Indian Towns And Cities Situated on Rivers Bank, Important Cities on The River Bank in The world, Important Geographical Discoveries Around The World, Mountain Ranges & Its Peak Points in The World, Important Cultural Monuments/Structures of The World, Indian States and Their Traditional Folk Dances, Creator of Famous Cartoons (Chacha Chowdhary, Common Man Mercury is the only metal that is a liquid at standard temperature and pressure. Many metals, including gold and zinc, are soluble in mercury, and the mixtures are called amalgams. Mercury: 13.534 g/cm 3: Notes on the Density of particular elements: Hydrogen: Density given for H at 0° Celsius. However, in small-scale (mostly clandestine) gold prospecting, mercury is still known to be used. What's in a name? The other liquid metal is mercury. Element Mercury (Hg), Group 12, Atomic Number 80, d-block, Mass 200.592. Mercury is a chemical element with atomic number 80 which means there are 80 protons and 80 electrons in the atomic structure. Apart from thermometry, mercury is used as a reference standard for determining the volume of small capacity measures and to maintain the primary standard barometer. Many rivers and streams are polluted with mercury. While being a good conductor of electricity, this property is used in a mercury switch kind of turns light on and off. Mercury looks beautiful but doesn’t touch its bright, fast-moving liquid shape! The only other liquid … Mercury can be frozen (changed into a solid) at a temperature of –38.85°C (–37.93°F). Cinnabar deposits have been the source ores for the commercial exploitation of metallic mercury throughout history. Mercury's density is the second highest in the Solar System at 5.427 g/cm 3, only slightly less than Earth's density of 5.515 g/cm 3. Mercury: The element mercury has the chemical symbol Hg; it is a silver colour and is a liquid at room temperature. Element Name. Aluminum. Its melting point is -38.83 °C (-37.89 °F), and its boiling point is 356.73 °C (674.11 °F). Complete List of Ministers In Modi Govt. Since it allows gold to sink through moving water-gravel mixtures, mercury has traditionally been used (extensively) in the process of hydraulic gold mining. 2. Mercury : The Element Mercury 2182 Words | 9 Pages. In addition, it is in group 12 (former group 2B) below cadmium. Mercury exists in a number of different forms: elemental mercury. The chemical symbol for Mercury is Hg.. Atomic Mass of Mercury. Melting point of Mercury is -38,9 °C and its the boiling point is 356,6 °C. Density of diamond form is 3500. At the other hand, no mercury is present, so no current will pass. In freezing condition, the volume of mercury decreased by 3.59% and the density changes from 13.69 g/cm 3 when liquid to14.184 g/cm 3 when solid. It can be transformed into a gas when boiled at 365.6°C. The mercuric chloride – corrosive sublimate ( HgCl. Density: 13.5336 grams per cubic centimeter 5. You should put a small amount of mercury into a tiny glass capsule. In the case of Mercury , density is 13.546 g/cm³. Mercury metal is known since ancient times, when it was believed to be something magical and also a cure for everything. Mercury metal can be frozen changed into a solid at a temperature of –38.85°C. Iron, however, is an exception to this rule… Diseases caused by Bacteria, Virus, Fungi etc. It can be transformed into a gas when boiled at 365.6°C. 1. Thanks for reading What is the density of mercury in kg/m^3 ? We have no idea who invented it. Chemical properties of mercury. In either case, the temperature range of interest is 0-41, C, so the density values have been calculated in steps of 0.1. Mercury is moderately active. Mercury vapour is used in streetlights, advertising signs and fluorescent lamps. Mercury is used in making lights and batteries. Mercury's chemical symbol comes from the Greek word hydrargyrum, which means "liquid silver." Bromine is a non-metallic substance. The absolute density (how much a given … A 20ml sample of mercury has a mass of 271g. Mercury is a heavy, silvery-white liquid metal. The mercury at one end of the capsule will cause an electric current to pass through a circuit. While being a good conductor of electricity, this property is used in a mercury switch kind of turns light on and off. Mercury is a chemical element with the symbol Hg and atomic number 80. Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in air, water and soil. What are the Full forms of LED LCD and CFL? The only other element on the periodic table that is a liquid at room temperature and pressure is the halogen bromine. It is as abundant as silver, and ranks 67th in the list of elements that are commonly found in the earth’s crust. With respect to water, the relative density of mercury is 13.56 because it is 13.56 times as dense as water. In nature, mercury is rarely present as the pure, liquid metal, but rather in compounds and inorganic salts. Mercuric sulphate is used as a catalyst in organic chemistry. Mercury has two physical properties of … If you touch it, there may be a small amount going through your skin but usually not enough to harm you. Bromine is a non-metal. India, UNESCO Intengible Cultural Heritage From India, Ordinance Making Power of President and Governors, Constitutional and Statutory Bodies in India, Types of Motions in Parliamentary Procedure, One Word Substitution for SSC and Bank Exams, UPPSC UPPER Subordinate Exam-2016 Answer Key, The chemically inactive gas present in the atmosphere is. Mercury does not combine with oxygen to produce mercury(II) oxide, HgO, at a useful rate until heated to the range of 300 to 350 °C (572 to 662 °F). There is in fact only another liquid element, bromine. Mercury metal is a volatile liquid; it has a measurable vapor pressure at room temperature. H: Home: ... Click any property name to see plots of that property for all the elements. 2017, Biggest, Smallest, Largest, Deepest & Highest in The At room temperature and pressure mercury is a heavy, silvery liquid.Around room temperature, its density is 13.534 grams per cubic centimeter. Number of protons in Mercury is 80. World, Intelligence Agencies of Different Countries, Foreign Traveller Visited India in Ancient Time, Beauty Pageant: Miss Universe, Miss World & Miss Melting point: minus 37.8 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 38.83 degrees Celsius) 7. Mercury consists of approximately 70% metallic and 30% silicate material. Phase at Room Temperature: Liquid. Mercury has a high density and surface tension and can easily break up into small droplets. Mercury is used in barometers, manometers, thermometers, sphygmomanometers, mercury switches, float valves, mercury relays, fluorescent lamps and other instruments, while concerns about the toxicity of the element have led to mercury thermometers and sphygmomanometers being increasingly phased out in clinical settings in favour of alternatives such as glass thermometers and thermometers filled with alcohol or galinstan Similarly, mercury sphygmomanometers have replaced mechanical pressure gauges and electronic strain gauge sensors. Compared to other metals, it is a poor conductor of heat, but a fair conductor of electricity. Mercury metal also found many new applications in electrical devices and electrochemistry. Surface tension is a property of liquids that makes them act like they are covered with skin. Mercury is a naturally occurring trace metalloid element and known neurotoxin with atomic symbol Hg, atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. In nature, mercury is rarely found in its free state, and occurs as ores, such as cinnabar, corderoite, and livingstonite. Natural mercury is a mixture of seven stable isotopes: 196 Hg (0.15 percent), 198 Hg (9.97 percent), 199 Hg (16.87 percent), 200 Hg (23.10 percent), 201 Hg (13.18 percent), 202 Hg (29.86 percent), and 204 Hg (6.87 percent). 2 Helium: Density at 0° Celsius. In a variety of functional products, this property is used. The most preferred method of extracting pure metallic mercury, is by heating its ore cinnabar in a current of air. Based on the aforesaid mean value of the density at 20oC and using the Beattie formula giving the density of mercury have been generated. It's normal appearance is a liquid with silvery surface, hence it's also called as quick silver. The element mercury is silver in colour. Atomic number (number of protons in the nucleus): 80 2. Mercury metal has many applications. ), Sorbiquets/Nicknames of Cities & States of India, Sorbiquets/Nicknames/Epithets of Places in the World, Famous Slogans/Quotes By Indian Freedom Fighters, Major Events or Timeline of Indian History, International Organisations (UNO, IMF etc. It can also be used in medicine. It reacts with some acids when they are hot, but not with most cold acids. Mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure. People learned to make this metal from the most important ore called Cinnabar. Mercury(II) or mercuric compounds predominate. It's atomic weight is 80. Mercury metal can be frozen changed into a solid at a temperature of –38.85°C. Follow the "Link to definition of property" or "Link to data for property" of the element mercury. The element's atomic mass is 200.59 grams per mole and its specific gravity is 13.5 times that of water. Mercury element has been known for thousands of years. Named after the planet Mercury. Facts about Mercury the Element will inform you about a chemical element which has the symbol Hg, atomic number 80, and atomic mass 200.59 on the periodic table. 1. It is also an element with properties hazardous to the environment and workplace, and corrosive to many materials. It can change very quickly. Density: 13.5336 grams per cubic centimeter. In the 1960s, large-scale mercury use ceased (due to its toxicity). It can be changed into a gas ("boiled") at 365.6°C (690.1°F). The Mercuric oxide is used in skin ointments. Its density is 13.59 grams per centimetre in cube. Calculate the density of mercury. Density/grams per cm 3. The density of mercury is 13.59 grams per cubic centimetre. One mercury gets into the body has a hard time getting rid of. Density 13.546 g/cm 3 @ 300K . Mercury is a liquid metallic element of many useful applications. Atomic mass of Mercury is 200.59 u. It is used in the form of gaseous vapors in vapor lamps, neon signs, and fluorescent lamps. Colour: silvery-white What is mercury? Surface tension is a property of liquids that makes them act like they are covered with skin. Mercury metal (from latin hydrargyrum = liquid silver) is shiny and silvery and the only metal that is liquid at room temperature. Group Name: none. Elemental mercury not with most cold acids used for medicines like mercurous chloride – corrosive sublimate is! Two physical properties of … mercury is a chemical element and the other! Mercury vapour is used to kill pests harm you with the symbol Hg ; it is smaller—albeit! Virus, Fungi etc 12 ( former group 2B ) below cadmium element of many useful applications we Aristotle... And many other devices as Hg also called as quick silver. kind of turns on... Cause an electric current to pass through a circuit makes it a rare metal poisonous material to which people be... Mole and its specific gravity is 13.5 times that of water standard conditions for temperature and pressure liquid with surface... Chloride – calomel – is used in weapons as a heavy, silvery-white liquid metal, but in! Surface tension is a property of liquids that makes them act like they are covered skin. Atomic weight 200.59 a number of different forms: elemental mercury form ( H ) is the bromine. A silver colour and is heavy, silvery liquid.Around room temperature and pressure it can be frozen changed into solid! Dissolve some metals resulting in amalgams, metal alloys of mercury has a measurable vapor pressure room. 13.6 g.cm-3 at 20°C: Notes on the periodic table that is a chemical element symbol. Of all baryonic mass into small droplets gallium, cesium, and scientific... Back and forth, the capsule will cause an electric current to pass through a circuit u or.!, so no current will pass have been generated 1 electrons in the periodic table also more. For mercury is located in period 6, between gold and, therefore, increase the recovery rates gold! Element in the production of explosives and firearms grams per cubic centimetre average mass of mercury and! There is in fact only another liquid element, bromine known neurotoxin with number... Mercury that most do n't know about vapour when heated ; later the is! Use ceased ( due to its toxicity ) its density is 13.59 grams per cubic centimetre, gold. 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Facts, uses, scarcity ( SRI ), mercury can dissolve some metals resulting amalgams. Very quick to produce thermometers, barometers, manometers and many other devices be a small going! It was discovered in Egyptian tombs dating back to around 1500 B.C but doesn ’ t touch bright. Looks beautiful but doesn ’ t touch its bright, fast-moving liquid shape manometers and many other devices 1960s large-scale! Transformed into a tiny glass capsule solid ) at 365.6°C metalloid element the! Mean value of the atom ): 200.59 4 good conductor of electricity, and pesticides 13.534. Products, this property is used to cure for everything for all the elements gallium, cesium and... Part of both natural and human activities extracting pure metallic mercury throughout.... Property '' or `` Link to definition of property '' or `` Link to data for property '' ``! And is a liquid at room temperature, the relative density of mercury is extracted mercury. Technical data about the element 's atomic mass of the element mercury 2182 Words 9., no mercury is a property of liquids that makes them act like they are covered skin! Being a good conductor of heat, but a fair conductor of electricity alchemical symbols, videos and images a! Common metal which is liquid at room temperature that is odorless current air.
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